Social and psychosocial risk factors in the development of ischaemic heart disease in women and men: Epidemiological studies from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study
Avhandlingen ble levert SVT-fakultet, NTNU for bedømming 16.november 2011. Oppsummering av funnene fra de tre artiklene er som følger:
Results: (1) There was a social gradient in behavioral and psychosocial factors, and behavioral factors contributed considerably more to relative educational inequalities in ischaemic heart disease mortality than do psychosocial factors. Still, most of the educational inequalities in IHD mortality remained unexplained. (2)The perception of poor self-rated health predicted all-cause mortality in elderly women and men, but poor self-rated health only predicted ischaemic heart disease mortality among elderly women. (3) Over the last decades absolute and relative educational inequalities in smoking and diabetes were widening in both genders and inequalities were larger among women.
Future research on causal mechanisms behind social inequalities in ischaemic heart disease should consider social inequalities in behavior and psychosocial exposure through a life-course approach. However, to be able to reduce social inequalities in ischaemic heart disease mortality, interventions directed to the most disadvantaged are needed.
The predictive ability of self-rated health on ischaemic heart disease and all-cause mortality in elderly women and men: the Nord-Trondelag Health Study (HUNT).
Age Ageing 2011 Jan;40(1):105-11. Epub 2010 nov 3