Predictors of benzodiazepiner misuse in The Norwegian Public
This study aimed to investigate socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle and psychological factors predicting onset and differential pattern of prescribed benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic use in a Norwegian population sample. The study obtained socio-demographic, psychological and lifestyle variables from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Information about benzodiazepine prescriptions from the Norwegian prescription database were linked to the HUNT 2 questionnaire data. Benzodiazepine use were classified into single period, intermittent and chronic use, and high dose use was defined as being prescribed a yearly average above 180 Daily Defined Doses. Analyses showed that older age, sleep difficulties and smoking were positively associated with all patterns of benzodiazepine use. Male gender was related to a reduced risk of all patterns of use, whereas educational achievement was negatively associated with single period use. Alcohol consumption, anxiety and tension were positively related to intermittent and chronic use, while exercise was negatively related to chronic use. Smoking, sleep difficulties and old age were positively associated with prescriptions of high benzodiazepine doses, while exercise was associated with lower doses. Patterns of prescribed benzodiazepine use are linked to demographic, lifestyle and clinical variables. Non-pharmacological treatment for sleep difficulties and smoking cessation may reduce the risk of chronic benzodiazepine use.
Interventions to assist discontinuation or reduction of benzodiazepine use should consider psychosocial and medication treatment alternatives in risk groups such as females, people with mental health problems and/or heavy alcohol consumption.
Socio-demographic, lifestyle and psychological predictors of benzodiazepine and z-hypnotic use patterns
Drug and Alcohol Dependence (under review)
The Role of Alprazolam for Treatment of Panic Disorder in Australia
In press, Australian and New Zealand journal of psychiatry
Factors associated with benzodiazepine use in the Norwegian public: The HUNT Study
Poster Rus & psykisk helse konf. St.Olav-Helse-midt Stjørdalen
Socio demographic and psychological predictors of long term use of Benzodiazpines in the general Norwegian population: The HUNT
Paper presented at the 12th European Congress of Psychology, Istanbul, 2011-07-04.
Psykologiske faktirer assosiert med rusmiddelbruk: Forskningsresultater fra den generelle befolkningen og pasienter med rusavhen
Paper presented at Regional Coordination-reform conference 2011, 11.01